The WRAP Decision Process was designed to mitigate against four common decision-making challenges and involves:
Widening your options to avoid narrow framing;
Reality testing your assumptions to avoid the Confirmation Heuristic;
Attaining distance to avoid short-term emotions; and
Preparing to be wrong to avoid overconfidence.
Identify moments that matter and slow down. The first step for effective decisions is to identify moments when you are faced by one and ensure that you take the time to think and apply methods such as WRAP.
Widen the frame. Actively framestorm the question (brainstorm better questions) and uncover other options that go beyond the choice at hand. Consider whether there are any combinations or new approaches to solving your problem.
Reality test your assumptions. Challenge your Confirmation Heuristic by asking what would you see if you were wrong and actively seeking out counter-evidence. You might also want to run experiments with Prototypes.
Attain distance before deciding. Go beyond short-term emotions by asking yourself how you’d advise a friend in a similar situation.
Prepare to be wrong. Consider multiple possible futures, use pre-mortems and futures thinking.